The most famous classic this chapter? ‘Pride comes before a fall’.
Some big topics here, the interaction of our will and God’s will, and the interaction of political power and righteousness.
For example, at first blush this sounds like a pretty verse for a poster:
In their hearts humans plan their course,
but the Lord establishes their steps.
But what does it actually mean? There are several such conundrums:
To humans belong the plans of the heart,
but from the Lord comes the proper answer of the tongue.
Jesus had a habit of speaking this way too, seemingly straightforward statements that don’t tease out as easily as they seem they should.
It seems to be embracing the mysteries of predestination: we have control over our actions, and they are within God’s eternal plan. Plus, I suppose, if you are looking at the difference between what we think about doing vs. what we end up actually saying and doing… the plan can turn on a dime, but the actions are written in eternity.
Maybe its like the difference between temptation and sin, but with a positive spin: thinking about doing the right thing vs. doing the right thing.
That’s not a king… this is a king!
The characteristics attributed to a king make one doubt that most earthly kings are kings at all: speaking justice like an oracle, detesting wrongdoing, & maintaining the throne through the value they place on righteousness, honesty and truth. The mere brightening of their face brings life – like a raincloud in spring.
There are a lot of proverbs about humility interspersed. I mean, said no earthly king virtually ever:
Better to be lowly in spirit along with the oppressed
than to share plunder with the proud.
Maybe that is the point. We’ve had a few proverbs about the character of the Lord just before this group: the Lord atones for sins, engineers peace, works out everything for a proper end and sees the true motives behind our actions.
The ideal of kingship could only be fulfilled by God. For us citizens, following the king’s ethic is associated with all sorts of rewards – prosperity, blessing, a fountain of life, healing.
So we have here this complex interplay of responsibility for our choices and actions, being governed by higher authority and inspired by holy example. Its urging us to be mindful before we act, and remember that our actions are eternal and become God’s plan for good or ill.