2 Samuel 22

It’s all God.

As the end of David’s life approaches, he’s singing to God. 

And the message is, God is everything. He lights the path, he provides it. He made David everything he ever was, every achievement, every victory, every escape from trouble, all God. 

It’s a simple message, but how many celebs with a lifetime of greatness behind them truly again this perspective? There is no pride here. 

It’s. All. God.


2 Samuel 21

Thrown right into an example of why you would dread being king. David administers justice for the Gibeonites, a tenant of the original occupiers of the land, which means allowing them to kill 8 Israelites. He handles it and as fairly as he can, seeing that they get a proper burial and the families are looked after. 

The story is framed a bit like an Aztec style human sacrifice. There is a famine in the land until it is done, and the doing of it brings prosperity again. 

But I think it’s a lesson in justice, justice requires death. Jesus’ death could be viewed as a human sacrifice. The blood is not purchasing of some rain and blessing from God, it’s righting a wrong. 

Then there is the story of the Israelites being the giants, relatives of Goliath. This is bridging the story of David round in a big loop from the first demonstration of his greatness, when he slew Goliath, to the decline of it. Israel is starting to slay their own giants without him.

2 Samuel 19

Private grief, public face.

David’s grief over his usurper son Absalom is overwhelming him. David escaped his rebellion to a foreign land, he’s “won”, but because victory meant the loss of his son, David is in a massive depression. 

It’s created a power vacuum. New king dead, Old king AWOL. David’s general Joab, who I sort of love, gives him a general-Patton-like reality slap and pep talk.

It’s all very well to love your enemies, but they’ve just saved many lives, all of those of David’s friends and supporters – David should spare a bit of love for the living and loyal!  For the good of the nation he has to get out there and be king! 

If not there will probably be another civil war. There is simmering tension between Judah and Israel always. David was Judah’s king before the civil war united the nation, so that is his base.

David man’s up. He channels his grief into mercy. This is the most beautiful thing in the chapter. We get a series of anecdotes of David letting bygones be bygones with enemies because he doesn’t want more death. 

Shimei, who was hilariously belligerent, now asks and receives mercy; Saul’s lame grandson Mesthispotheth gives a feeble explanation for why he ran off to the usurpers side, no worries. Another 80 year old leader is torn because not coming on the victory march with David will cause offence, but he’s old and tired. Take it easy, David says. 

David does two returns, the symbolic crossing the Jordan into Judah, echoing the people coming to the promised land, and then the journey to Jerusalem, entering Israel, foreshadowing Jesus’ journey to Calvary. 

The Judeans and Israelites both love him again, but like squabbling siblings, get a bit fierce about who loves him more. Seeds of future struggle there. 

David is fulfilling the role of king out of duty, but in his heart, god is king and he is clearly full of regret and grief. He doesn’t seem to have an ounce of pride. From all that flows a river of mercy.

Help me to make you king and swallow my pride, father.

2 Samuel 17

We don’t get David’s victory against his usurper son Absalom in this chapter, but we get a massive spoiler: god has decided it.

It’s a bit like when harry potter takes the lucky spell – everything goes right for David.

Absalom has a super adviser, Ahithophel. He advises to attack David straight away to consolidate the insurrection, because, David and his core men have just run away from Jerusalem and will be the most tired, weak and friendless they will ever be.

And he says, just kill David and bring the rest of the men home without a massacre. They will unite under you because there is no one else. It’s pretty great advice.

David has a loyal friend planted in the palace, a sort of spy, who also advises: to wait a bit… And they follow his advice.

Ahithophel’s next bit of advice is to himself: you’re done for, you’re in the losing team, go and hang yourself, which he does.

And so it plays out. The friend in the palace, who bought some time, gets news out to David who gets allies and supplies to strengthen the men…

So where is god? What are we learning?

One thing, is very familiar. Today I sometimes wonder how powerful God could be when so few people are Christians.

The work of the world, the glamour, the important stuff all seems to go on without regard for the tiny band of church people who claim to have the answer.

But it was no different then. David is a true believer, but most people in Israel act exactly as they would if God didn’t exist. His son clearly didn’t receive his father’s faith.

David’s closest adviser, this Ahithophel is recognised as gifted in wisdom by God, but in his heart he is Machiavelli – total self interest.

And when his wisdom fails him, he has nothing else. His identity doesn’t come from being loved by God, so he kills himself. He’s put all his stock in his own brilliance.

And the people at large were only too happy to give their hearts to a populist leader who undermined David and promised the moon and stars. That was the basis of Absalom’s coup.

They are swayed by charisma, like the people today. There are very few people then or now who really love god in their heart.

It’s worth remembering that. So tempting to think that the good old days were so much better.

2 Samuel 16

David turns the other cheek and often refuses to be political to his own disadvantage.  Now he is a vagabond again – Israel’s king, wandering about the countryside trying to survive, while being usurped by his own son Absalom.  We get some quite telling portraits of the two men in this chapter, which are great examples of the grace filled life – and its opposite.

He meets Ziba, his enemy Saul’s old servant who he left serving Jonathan’s lame surviving son, Saul’s grandson Mephibosheth. Most Kings would have had them killed long ago, but David has been kind to these former enemies who were definitely in the anti-David camp during the civil war, in memory of his love for Jonathan and his respect for the god given position of Saul, as his anointed king.

Ziba is there with a loving cart of goodies for the troops. During this low time Ziba is repaying David’s decency.

Mephibosheth? Back in Jerusalem on the side of the usurper, pining for the end of David and new glory days.  He has completely despised David’s kindness and turned on him at the first opportunity.

Was David wrong to show him mercy?  In earthly terms, yes, he doesn’t deserve it and from a practical point of view he’s a rallying point for opposition. But David views himself as accountable to God for his ethics, not man. David does grant Ziba all the property he gave to Mephibosheth for his kind loyalty.

Next they meet another supporter of Saul, part of his extended family, who single handedly and continually rains down curses, rocks and dirt on David and his men.  What he says is in some senses quite fair, if showing a pro-Saul spin.  He calls David a man of bloodshed, which he really is, and says his current usurped situation, a parallel of what he did to Saul, is God’s punishment for all the bloodshed in Saul’s house when David took the throne. That’s a little unfair, given how many opportunities to pro-actively seize the throne from Saul David ignored.  But there was much bloodshed.

One of Saul’s men wants to quickly dispatch this man, Shimei by cutting off his head, but David defends him saying this is what the Lord has told him to do: “The lord has spoken to him”.

So as they continue along the road, bedraggled and tired, probably hungry again, Shimei goes along with them shouting abuse and throwing rocks and dirt the whole way. David cops it – after all he says, his own flesh and blood is doing the same. David showed an absurd – in practical terms – amount of loyalty to Saul who was unjustly violent towards him at every opportunity, and now extends the same to Saul’s old supporter.

He does it because of God, and perceives this man as a kind of prophet, telling God’s truth. Talk about love thine enemies and turn the other cheek…

Meanwhile in Jerusalem, a different kind of behaviour is being modelled. When David evacuated he left 10 concubines to look after the palace.  His son, Absalom very publicly enters sexual relations with the women.  This is a means of politically signalling an irreconcilable break with David.  There can be no going back after that, everyone must choose to be on David’s side or Absalom’s. And all the cards are in Absalom’s hand at the moment.

Absalom did this on the advice of Ahithophel, who is an interesting character who we’ll return to next chapter.  He’s a bit of a Samson type.  God gave him a great gift of insight and wisdom, and both David and Absalom desire his advice.  But like Samson Ahithophel abuses and wastes the extraordinary gift God has given him.

This advice, about the concubines, is an astute political power play to consolidate the moment, but ethically corrupt before God. Last chapter ended with a kiss between father and son after David reached out to Absalom with a very painful process of forgiveness. Now the son is taking his father’s throne, his women, his palace, his people’s hearts.

Should David have left Absalom in exile?  His return is a disaster. But forgiveness is its own reward, before God. David is working on the struggle with his own sinful nature to live a grace filled life.

And yes, that is the thing to do.

And before I go, spare a thought for concubines.  The second class citizens of a polygamous system.

Their situation seems to range from what we would traditionally think of as mistresses – long term, possibly quite loved, non-wives – to total sex slaves.  They can’t attain the status of wife, I think, because they are foreign.  They are generally captives of war, though there were also some traditions of them being free to leave if they chose.  If allowed to be free, they would abandon any children and a life of luxury and privilege if they did – a classic asymmetric “freedom” of the disempowered.

Sometimes they would be female circumcised and/or sterilised. So, worst case scenario, they were merely another object of plunder along with gold and livestock: the best looking women of the enemy forced into a brutal, mutilated life of sex slavery. I don’t think this was completely true of the biblical Israelite concubines because they keep producing children in these stories.

I don’t know if the fact that David left 10 behind to mind the palace shows a certain level of trust and genuine relationship between him and them.

Whether or not David was good to them, they certainly would have been reminded of their vulnerable position when Absalom took over and claimed them for himself.

Sorry, long entry, quiet Saturday morning. Lots to think and pray about grace and being accountable to God.

That concept of “God sees everything” is one of the most hated and parodied by atheists and God haters.  They portray us as living in paralysing fear of an invisible and capricious bogeyman, a pathetic life.

But I’m convinced that God’s laws are good – love your neighbour as yourself even when your neighbour is not watching or there is no obvious benefit to you. Because love is an end in itself. That’s right and the best of humankind, not pathetic.

Atheists call it ethics and so do I.  They also, in the end, think its good, give or take an argument about state recognition of same sex marriage (which I personally am not against in any event).

I’m not always good at it. There is a great wisdom in this chapter about how to love your enemies, which is being prepared to hear the truth in what they say.  I pray that like David I will struggle to be always getting better at it.




2 Samuel 15

The beauty of David’s forgiveness of his son Absalom for murder is forgotten this chapter. Absalom, David’s most handsome charming & talented son is also a complete piece of work. 

He’s an ambitious populist who fans his popularity with the people until he’s leading a full scale rebellion against David, who has to flee Jerusalem. 

I think of this as “the decline”. The narratives of the old testament rarely reach closure like good fiction. The go on after the freeze frame where everyone would live happily ever after, to where things become banal and petty, and dissipation and failure set in. Like life. 

This seems to be the fulfillment of the prophesy after David sinned, that the sword would never leave him. He’ll always have trouble. He’ll be an ordinary king…

It all goes to highlight how different the Messiah is. His narrative ends on a high and stays there. His victory is final, his peace everlasting.

2 Samuel 14

One of David’s most promising sons has killed another of his sons as revenge for a nasty rape and put himself in self imposed exile. We left the last chapter with David, over mourning the dead son, now missing the live one too. Its a tragic mess.

Joab, David’s loyal general is a notable bit player here, and he engineers with a wise woman a bit of a play act.  She gets an audience with David to give him a fake petition about two sons… you get the drift. David does too.  “did Joab put you up to this?” he asks.

Absalom, the exiled son is bought home, but David still can’t bring himself to see him. Absalom eventually forces Joab to pay him attention by burning one of Joab’s fields of barley!  He has to come and see Absalom, and they talk about the real problem.

The chapter ends movingly at the end of this long road of forgiveness with David kissing his son.

My grandfather had a brother he stopped speaking to and never did again in his life.  This chapter is about a profound insight about how much God is not like that – as the woman who Joab chose for the fake petition says “God … devises ways for the banished to be restored.”

This was an incredibly hard relationship to heal, but David, with help from some godly friends, and a lifetime of being schooled in grace, did it.

2 Samuel 13

The story takes a depressing turn. The old testament is the story of false starts, failed messiahs, new leaves turned with no lasting difference. 

It’s the history of god’s relationship with the race from which the Messiah will come, during which more and more of God is slowly revealed. His mighty plans ever so slowly unfold. 

But, short term, everything goes bad and people always let him down. 

God remains unshockable: our depths of cruelty, degradation & nastiness; our small, banal meaness, our flights of destructive passionate self indulgence; he’s seen it all a gazillion times before and his love never fails.

Last two chapters we had David’s sin. That ended with the promise of more strife by the prophet, and here it starts.

It’s a story set among David’s numerous children: brothers, half brothers and sisters. It involves lust, incestuous rape and revenge. At the end, David’s most gifted and promising son, Absalom, is in self imposed exile for the murder of his brother.

Throughout David is: angry, weeping bitterly, sad. He’s reaping the whirlwind for his own messy love life, I suppose. 

There’s no mention at all of God in this chapter. I don’t think it’s necessarily a moral fable, and I don’t intend to come in like Aesop and say “so the moral is …” 

It’s just messy ugly family history showing that, apart from the intervention of God in their lives these people are messed up humans just like us.

2 Samuel 12

Understanding God doesn’t come naturally to us. I think of the old testament as god creating solid concrete learning tools so humans can understand cosmic intangible truths.

So he has a holy of holies which is the location of God. Sacrifices of animals to show that sin is important. But now more of god’s plan is out there, the temple and the sacrifice are revealed as much less specific, more universal truths.

Here we have a story about how violence between each other is also a cosmic injustice against God. The universe knows what we did last summer. So he sends a real man to be the voice of the universal God.

Nathan the prophet knows and declares David’s sin. And the sin has practical consequences: the baby he fathered with the murdered mans wife does not live.

Another consequence is that “the sword will not depart from him” which I take to mean David will have to be a fighter for the rest of his life. After all this incident started when he delegated a battle and stayed home… To lust.

God must have mixed feelings about rest… It’s sometimes when we take him most for granted, get up to the most mischief.

I think sin works this way in this story for the purpose of the story. I don’t think the message is that we’ll always have a prophet to tell it out to us, or that the babies of cheating will always die.

It’s to teach us that sin matters. injustice matters. I wince when God says his punishment for the sin will be out in the sun, when David acted in secret.

Could you stand it if everyone could see your worst thoughts and actions?  Well you shouldn’t be able to forget that god can. Ethics matter, sin matters.

2 Samuel 11

If you could do a perfect murder and it just improved everyone’s life, how is it wrong?

David and Bathsheba is a classic Bible story, this is the chapter.

He lusts after Bathsheba the girl next door, has an affair and she’s pregnant. Her husband uzziah is a soldier on active duty. David organises some R’nR hoping to give some plausible deniability to the babies fatherhood.

Uzziah is so damn noble he won’t sleep with his wife knowing his brother soldiers are dying in the field.  David tries again, this time with alcohol, but even drunk Uzziah has too much self discipline to disguise David’s lack of it. 

So, shockingly, David organises Uzziah’s death under cover of the battlefield. 

It’s so neat, Bathsheba mourns then becomes his wife. Within their culture it has the appearance of David actually honouring uzziah by providing for his widow. The perfect murder

It’s not quite perfect though because the general, Joab has been corrupted by being involved in the scheme. He wasn’t told why he should organise a particularly dangerous mission for uzziah, but surely he would have figured it out in about 9 months… 

The narrative quite cuttingly includes the cold way the death is handled in the reports from the battlefront – David has this horrible false reasonableness when he forgives the incompetent strategy that meant men, including Uzziah, were lost.

Likewise you wonder if Bathsheba surely would have suspected the neatness of it all.
But the man thing is, it displeases the lord.

Death comes to all of us. God is in charge of that. David the warrior king was the agent of so much death, but God remained king. King David was God’s servant.

But this death was different, David intended it for his own gain. Ironically, the only time David truly was Uzziah’s king was when he had him killed.

David cried to God in the song about his sin “against you only have I sinned”.

I still struggle with the fairness of this way of viewing it: I mean he’s also sinned against the guy whose wife he stole then killed, right?

It’s about being ethical. You can get away with things but you lose yourself if you can’t be honest to god. It’s not to disregard Uzziah’s injustice to say it’s a sin against God, it’s to magnify it. 

Jesus says you are a murderer if you think of murdering. by the time it becomes action your heart has already become corrupt against God.

I’m in a funk, end of year burnt out ready to go on holidays before I can. My concentration is shot. In a funk is easy to give myself permission to be selfish and unloving. 

I’m gonna work on staying fair even when there is not fair weather.