Advice to elders, setting out model church leaders. It’s an extension of Jesus’ good shepherd metaphor, which (assuming Peter did in fact write this book) he probably heard first hand.
Do it from the heart is the message. Being a shepherd means doing it willingly, eagerly, it’s not just a job. Have a sense of service, lead by example.
The hard thing would be to keep up doing that long term. Just about every job turns into more duty than enthusiasm, a way of getting money rather than a mission. As you come to terms with the limits of you own personal ability to change, you lead by force will rather than example.
I am probably going to start a new job soon. It’s a great moment to step back and look at this biblical model for work and leadership.
Then advice for the non elders: submit to the elders. I remember being young and the feeling that the people in charge have no idea what they are doing can be very intense. Peter is clearly sympathetic to it and takes some time to argue the case, reminding them that scriptures see humility as a virtue and telling them to take thier concern directly to god, reminding them that they have spiritual autonomy to get wise before god themselves. Also, slyly perhaps, reminding them of the ultimate advantage of youth: their time will come.
I feel young/old as I have not been wise in many ways in life, I feel I still have protential to realise and something to prove. Keeps me young…. Pray that I too will remain centred on gods will